The VCG Low Pass Harmonic Filter (VCG LPHF) is an inductive device that does 2 things. First, it removes 'noise' (that results from incoming voltage legs being out of balance) or harmonic distortion from the broad band spectrum of harmonics, including 5, 7, and 9th harmonics. Second, the inductive qualities provide a restoration of phase and polarity to the electric circuit.
The property of inductance is described as “when any piece of wire is wound into a coil form, it forms an inductance which is the property of opposing any change in current." Alternatively, it could be said “inductance is the property of a circuit by which energy is stored in the form of an electromagnetic field."
A piece of wire wound into a coil form has the ability to produce a counter emf (opposing current flow) and therefore has a value of inductance. The standard value of inductance is the Henry, a large value which is like the Farad for capacitance is rarely encountered in electronics today. Typical value of units encounter are milli-henries (mH), one thousandth of a henry or the micro-henry (uH), one millionth of a henry. A small straight piece of wire exhibits inductance, probably a fraction of uH although not of any major significance until we reach UHF frequencies.
The value of an inductance varies in proportion to the number of turns squared. If a coil was one turn, its value might be one unit. Having 2 turns the value would be 4 units while 3 turns would produce 9 units although the length of the coil also enters the equation.
FORMULA - Imperial (non-metric) measurements
L=r squared X N squared / (9r+10len)
Where: L = inductance in uH; R = coil radius in inches; N = number of turns; Len = length of coil in inches
All electrical systems are a combination of:
Electrical "noise" in the CURRENT waveform appears on the neutral line – the neutral is the addition of the panel's phase currents.
How does it work?
The VCG LPHF is an Inductor. Inductors change current into an electromagnetic field - field strength increases as current increases, and this field attracts certain frequency waveforms. VCG LPHF attracts the harmonic distorted waveforms.
Given that VCG LPHF only works on neutral currents there is only value where neutral currents exist. Anything that puts noise on the neutral: fluorescent lighting ballasts, laptop and desktop power supplies (switching), VFD drives, video game consoles, screw in fluorescent lamps, etc.
VCG does not work on three phase delta-wired systems, perfectly balanced three phase wye systems, or 220 VAC loads with no neutral current.
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